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Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Indonesian Nuclear Program Must Pro Public

The Government is currently updating the Presidential Regulation 05/2006 on the National Energy Policy. Discussion of the design and formulation of the National Energy Board is underway.

Utilization of nuclear energy as a source of power (NPP) is one program that discussed in the update KEN.

"The development of nuclear power plants in the world, including events in Japan, an important lesson for Indonesia. Nuclear power program financed public funds, then we must place high priority on the public interest," said Mukhtasor, DEN member of Element Stakeholder / Expert Environment as reported by site Ministry of Energy in Jakarta, Thursday, March 31, 2011.

Mukhtasor added, the preparation of nuclear power infrastructure, ranging from the preparation of human resources, research and development, institutional setup up with a feasibility study funded by the government with public funds from the State Budget (APBN). In fact, the construction and operation of commercial nuclear power plants according to Law Nucleur implemented state-owned, cooperative or private entities.

So to be more pro-public, according to Professor of Surabaya Institute of Technology, there are three important things that need attention, namely safety and environmental aspects, aspects of public participation, and aspects of public subsidies.

"Surely the public have been giving large subsidies to nuclear power programs. It is imperative that nuclear power programs should involve greater public participation, especially in the aspects of safety and assessment of technological feasibility and location of nuclear power plants," said Mukhtasor.

According to the man who is now recorded as Executive Director, Indonesian Center for Energy and Environmental Studies, public participation is required especially in the nuclear power plant feasibility study, involving more stakeholders.

"The government, in this case the National Nuclear Energy Agency, need to involve more experts in a representative and objective in the social, safety, disaster, and the environment," he said.

So, Mukhtasor said, do not let it happen again the Japanese scene, where the accuracy and transparency of nuclear information is still an issue between the government and the nuclear power plant operators.

Worthy or not nuclear power plant in Indonesia later, he added, we should all be heartened. There should not be a cover-up. Do not have other interests that are not relevant, including the interests of a more pro-business profits rather than public.

On the other hand, the feasibility standard nuclear power plants also need to be improved by taking into account the reliability of nuclear power technology and vulnerability to disasters in Indonesia.

Reactor licensing provisions stipulated in Government Regulation No. 43/2006. Based on these rules (Article 4), commercial nuclear reactors have operated safely with a three-year capacity factor of at least 75 percent uniformly classified as a proven technology. To that end, may be granted permission be built in Indonesia.

"Japan's nuclear power plant accident occurred just at the end of its design life. Compare with the case of renewable energy," he said.

International world of today has experienced the power plant operates successfully in ocean currents more than three years, with minimal potential hazard and the price is cheaper than oil-fired plants.

"That's still not easy to enter and be accepted in Indonesia. The size of proven technologies in the construction of nuclear power plants must provide assurance of safety is much higher," said Mukhtasor.

In terms of the cost of nuclear power plants, Mukhtasor resume, there are hidden costs to be borne by the public. In addition to state funds for infrastructure and preparation of feasibility studies of nuclear power, there are consequences that are not visible but the costs borne by the public.

Under the Act Nucleur, nuclear installation shall not be liable for any losses caused by nuclear nuclear accidents that occur because of natural disasters with extraordinary levels that exceed the design requirement of safety has been established Agency for Nuclear Energy.

"So this is like the Japanese case occurred in Indonesia, in my opinion, the loss of this nuclear accident will be borne by public funds. This is certainly a poor reflection of the term energy prices based on the principle of equitable keenomian stipulated in the Law of Energy," said Mukhtasor.

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