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Monday, June 27, 2011

1000 New Species Discovered in New Guinea

A kind of new tree kangaroo, 2.5 meter shark river, the frog with fangs like a vampire and a turquoise-colored lizards are some of the hundreds of new animal species discovered by conservationists who work in New Guinea.

Over the last 10 years of research, in total, there are about 1060 such as 218 plant species, 43 reptiles, 12 mammals, 580 invertebrates, 134 amphibians, 2 birds and 71 new fish species found.

In a report titled The Final Frontier compiled by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as part of their birthdays are the 50th also marked the increasing trend of extinction of animals and plants around the world and make a quarter of world's mammals threatened entry into the list.

These species are found above the average in speed of 2 animals per week in the range 1998 to 2008 by several groups of researchers who visit the island's various environments ranging from lush forests, waters, to coastal areas.

A team of researchers have discovered a new bird species named wattled smoky honeyeater in just seconds after they left the helicopter that led them there. The most surprising finding is probably a new species of shark.

Judging from its size, freshwater shark is considered very successful in hiding. Fish named Glyphis garricki, after the name of Jack Garrick, zoologist who first found it straight into the list of animals threatened with extinction because their numbers are extremely rare.

"After more than three decades, researchers have also re-discovered a species new species of dolphins," said Mark Wright, Conservation Science Adviser to WWF, as quoted by the Guardian, June 27, 2011. "This report reminds us that the Earth is full of fantastic creatures," he said.

Wright states, many diversity is very fascinating. However, the delight of the researchers are now under threat. "Despite the best efforts made by organizations such as WWF, it is clear that we could not save all the species we want," he said.

"The forest will continue to be felled, rivers dammed, the coast continues to be built and a number of species will be wiped out," Wright said. "Extinction is inevitable as a consequence of the theory of 'natural selection' Darwin's. However, humans will add weight that leads to 'unnatural selection' happened, "he said.

Nature will seek to overcome, says Wright. But we as human beings who have the ability and strength to build a future where the environment is considered important. "We must choose to do that," he said.

New Guinea itself is the world's second largest island after Greenland and became part of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. The island is a place bernaungnya third largest rainforest in the world and about 8 percent of animal species that exist around the world.

The low number of human population on the island has to protect some animal species that exist there. Unfortunately in 2020, half of the forest there would be destroyed because of illegal logging.


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