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Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Blood Pressure

Before discussing the high blood pressure or hypertension, you should know ahead of time about blood pressure. When you perform a physical examination or clinical examination to the doctor, usually there is a special tool used by doctors to check blood pressure. Tools to check blood pressure sphigmomanometer or also known as tensimeter. There are digital and there is also tensimeter tensimeter mercury that is still commonly used for clinical examination.

The doctor will perform blood pressure checks by having you sit or lie down, because it is the best position to measure blood pressure. Then the doctor will usually bind with an air bag on his right arm on the arm unless there are injuries. After that, blood pressure measurement. The difference between systolic and diastolic pressure is called pulse pressure.

What is blood pressure? Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in the arteries when the heart pumps blood to all members of the human body. Blood pressure is created by taking two sizes and usually there are two numbers that will be called by the doctor. For example, doctors call 140-90, it will mean is 140/90 mmHg. The first number (140) shows the upward pressure due to pulsation of the arteries when the heart or heart beat or beats, and is called the systolic pressure is often called upon pressure. The second number (90) shows the pressure when the heart is at rest in between pumping, and is called diastolic pressure, or often also referred under pressure.

After learning of blood pressure, you definitely want to know whether your blood pressure low, normal or high. The following blood pressure classification based on figures measured by tensimeter for systolic and diastolic pressure:

|Blood pressure |Sistolik(first number)|Diastolic (second number)|
|Low blood or hypotension | Under 90 | Under 60 |
|Normal | 90 - 120 | 60 - 80 |
|Pre-hypertension | 120 - 140 | 80 - 90 |
|Hypertension (stage 1) | 140 - 160 | 90 - 100 |
|Hypertension (stage 2/dangerous)| Above 160 | Above 100 |

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